WOBIB: 27 - Epstein, Kanwisher (1998) A cortical repres ...
 
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R. Epstein; N. Kanwisher. A cortical representation of the local visual environment. Nature 392(6676):598-601, 1998. PMID: 9560155. DOI: 10.1038/33402. WOBIB: 27.

Medial temporal brain regions such as the hippocampal formation and parahippocampal cortex have been generally implicated in navigation and visual memory. However, the specific function of each of these regions is not yet clear. Here we present evidence that a particular area within human parahippocampal cortex is involved in a critical component of navigation: perceiving the local visual environment. This region, which we name the 'parahippocampal place area' (PPA), responds selectively and automatically in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to passively viewed scenes, but only weakly to single objects and not at all to faces. The critical factor for this activation appears to be the presence in the stimulus of information about the layout of local space. The response in the PPA to scenes with spatial layout but no discrete objects (empty rooms) is as strong as the response to complex meaningful scenes containing multiple objects (the same rooms furnished) and over twice as strong as the response to arrays of multiple objects without three-dimensional spatial context (the furniture from these rooms on a blank background). This response is reduced if the surfaces in the scene are rearranged so that they no longer define a coherent space. We propose that the PPA represents places by encoding the geometry of the local environment.

Asymmetry: 0.00000 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (53 Kb)

1 Passively viewed scenes. Passive viewing of outdoor scenes, furnished rooms, landscapes and landmarks. WOEXP: 89.


corner cube of WOBIB_27

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 R. Epstein; N. Kanwisher. A cortical representation of the local visual environment. Nature 392(6676):598-601, 1998. PMID: 9560155. DOI: 10.1038/33402. WOBIB: 27.

+2: 0.64665 I Levy; U Hasson; G Avidan; T Hendler; R Malach. Center-periphery organization of human object areas. Nature Neuroscience 4(5):533-9, 2001. PMID: 11319563. DOI: 10.1038/87490. WOBIB: 5.

+3: 0.45589 J. D. Bremner; R. B. Innis; T. White; M. Fujita; D. Silbersweig; A. W. Goddard; L. Staib; E. Stern; A. Cappiello; S. Woods; R. Baldwin; D. S. Charney. SPECT [I-123]iomazenil measurement of the benzodiazepine receptor in panic disorder. Biological Psychiatry 47(2):96-106, 2000. PMID: 10664825. WOBIB: 126.

+4: 0.44322 Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+5: 0.39495 Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. Functional brain mapping during free viewing of natural scenes. Human Brain Mapping 21(2):75-85, 2004. PMID: 14755595. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10153. WOBIB: 123.

+6: 0.35529 Kathryn M. Abel; Matthew P. G. Allin; Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura; Anthony S. David; Chris Andrew; Steven C. R. Williams; Michael J. Brammer; Mary L. Phillips. Ketamine alters neural processing of facial emotion recognition in healthy men: an fMRI study. NeuroReport 14(3):387-391, 2003. PMID: 12634489. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000058031.29600.31. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 155.

+7: 0.35250 Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore; Shawn J. Kile; Amy S. Garrett. Brain regions showing increased activation by threat-related words in panic disorder. NeuroReport 14(3):325-328, 2003. PMID: 12634477. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 168.

+8: 0.32231 U. Hasson; T. Hendler; D. Ben Bashat; R. Malach. Vase or face? A neural correlate of shape-selective grouping processes in the human brain. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 13(6):744-53, 2001. PMID: 11564319. DOI: 10.1162/08989290152541412. FMRIDCID: 2-2001-111P8. WOBIB: 36.

+9: 0.30626 B. A. Strange; L. J. Otten; Oliver Josephs; Michael D. Rugg; Raymond J. Dolan. Dissociable human perirhinal, hippocampal, and parahippocampal roles during verbal encoding. Journal of Neuroscience 22(2):523-528, 2002. PMID: 11784798. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 142.

+10: 0.29177 L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

+11: 0.29106 Guido K. Frank; Walter H. Kaye; Carolyn C. Meltzer; Julie C. Price; Phil Greer; Claire McConaha; Kelli Skovira. Reduced 5-HT2A receptor binding after recovery from anorexia nervosa. Biological Psychiatry 52(9):896-906, 2002. PMID: 12399143. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 131.

+12: 0.29070 Eleanor A. Maguire; D. G. Gadian; I. S. Johnsrude; C. D. Good; J. Ashburner; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith. Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97(8):4398-403, 2000. PMID: 10716738. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.070039597. WOBIB: 63.

+13: 0.28873 Nouchine Hadjikhani; Beatrice de Gelder. Seeing fearful body expressions activates the fusiform cortex and amygdala. Current Biology 13(24):2201-2205, 2003. PMID: 14680638. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2003.11.049. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 153.

+14: 0.28087 Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

+15: 0.26735 Rosa Maria Moresco; M. Dieci; A. Vita; Christina Messa; C. Gobbo; L. Galli; Giovanna Rizzo; A. Panzacchi; L. De Peri; G. Invernizzi; Ferruchio Fazio. In vivo serotonin 5HT(2A) receptor binding and personality traits in healthy subjects: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 17(3):1470-1478, 2002. PMID: 12414286. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 161.

+16: 0.26622 A. Ishai; L. G. Ungerleider; A. Martin; J. V. Haxby. The representation of objects in the human occipital and temporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2:35-51, 2000. PMID: 11506646. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564055. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-1113D. WOBIB: 28.

+17: 0.26576 L. Ryan; L. Nadel; K. Keil; K. Putnam; D. Schnyer; T. Trouard; M. Moscovitch. Hippocampal complex and retrieval of recent and very remote autobiographical memories: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging in neurologically intact people. Hippocampus 11(6):707-14, 2001. PMID: 11811665. WOBIB: 73.

+18: 0.25940 Nicola M. Hunkin; Andrew R. Mayes; Lloyd J. Gregory; Amanda K. Nicholas; Julia A. Nunn; Michael J. Brammer; Edward T. Bullmore; Steven C. R. Williams. Novelty-related activation within the medial temporal lobes. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1456-1464, 2002. PMID: 11931949. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 143.

+19: 0.25181 Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

+20: 0.24952 Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. Perceptual differentiation and category effects in normal object recognition: a PET study. Brain 122 ( Pt 11):2159-70, 1999. PMID: 10545400. WOBIB: 29.

+21: 0.24592 Nora D. Volkow; Wei Zhu; Christoph A. Felder; Klaus Mueller; Tomihisa F. Welsh; Gene J. Wang; Mony J. de Leon. Changes in brain functional homogeneity in subjects with Alzheimer's disease. Psychiatry Research 114(1):39-50, 2002. PMID: 11864808. WOBIB: 61.

+22: 0.23941 Gene E. Alexander; Kewei Chen; Pietro Pietrini; Stanley I. Rapoport; Eric M. Reiman. Longitudinal PET Evaluation of Cerebral Metabolic Decline in Dementia: A Potential Outcome Measure in Alzheimer's Disease Treatment Studies. American Journal of Psychiatry 159(5):738-45, 2002. PMID: 11986126. WOBIB: 91.

+23: 0.23841 Troels Kjaer; Markus Nowak; Hans Lou. Reflective Self-Awareness and Conscious States: PET Evidence for a Common Midline Parietofrontal Core. NeuroImage 17(2):1080, 2002. PMID: 12377180. WOBIB: 31.

+24: 0.23715 N. J. Shah; J. C. Marshall; O. Zafiris; A. Schwab; Karl Zilles; H. J. Markowitsch; G. R. Fink. The neural correlates of person familiarity. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study with clinical implications. Brain 124(Pt 4):804-15, 2001. PMID: 11287379. WOBIB: 64.

+25: 0.23577 J. M. Ellermann; J. D. Siegal; J. P. Strupp; T. J. Ebner; K. Ugurbil. Activation of visuomotor systems during visually guided movements: a functional MRI study. Journal of Magnetic Resonance 131(2):272-285, 1998. PMID: 9571103. WOBIB: 45.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.00000 J. D. Bremner; R. B. Innis; S. M. Southwick; L. Staib; S. Zoghbi; D. S. Charney. Decreased benzodiazepine receptor binding in prefrontal cortex in combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 157(7):1120-1126, 2000. PMID: 10873921. WOBIB: 67.

-2: 0.00000 E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

-3: 0.00001 Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. The role of action knowledge in the comprehension of artefacts--a PET study. NeuroImage 15(1):143-52, 2002. PMID: 11771982. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2002.0969. WOBIB: 34.

-4: 0.00001 F. Hyder; E. A. Phelps; C. J. Wiggins; K. S. Labar; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. "Willed action": a functional MRI study of the human prefrontal cortex during a sensorimotor task. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94(13):6989-6994, 1997. PMID: 9192679. WOBIB: 6.

-5: 0.00002 T. Suhara; F. Yasuno; Y. Sudo; M. Yamamoto; M. Inoue; Y. Okubo; K. Suzuki. Dopamine D2 receptors in the insular cortex and the personality trait of novelty seeking. NeuroImage 13(5):891-895, 2001. PMID: 11304084. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0761. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 160.

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