WOROI: 5 - Posterior cingulate gyrus
 
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WOROI: 5 - Posterior cingulate gyrus

Abbreviation: PCgG
Abbreviation: CGp

Variation: Posterior cingulate
Variation: Posterior cingulate area
Variation: Posterior gyrus cinguli
Variation: Posterior cingulate cortex

External databases

BrainInfo: 144
CoCoMac: OMG96-CGp
Wikipedia: Posterior cingulate

Taxonomy

ParentsSiblingsChildren
Cingulate gyrus
Economo-Koskinas area LC
Left posterior cingulate gyrus
Right posterior cingulate gyrus
Retrospenial cortex
Brodmann area 23
Brodmann area 31

Talairach coordinates

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy WOBIB WOEXP
6 -29 38 Right posterior cingulate gyrus and precuneus 21 66
9 -53 14 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 32 109
4 -53 14 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 32 110
2 -40 40 Posterior cingulate gyrus 35 117
52 -30 20 Right postcentral gyrus/posterior cingulate gyrus 35 119
-4 -36 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 41 135
-4 -35 29 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 41 137
-4 -35 40 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 41 138
0 -26 29 Posterior cingulate gyrus 41 140
-2 -48 20 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 49 164
-9 -33 46 Posterior cingulate gyrus 57 183
0 -17 28 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 60 186
3 -53 15 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 71 223
-3 -39 37 Posterior cingulate gyrus 72 225
-12 -18 34 Posterior cingulate gyrus 72 226
3 -27 28 Posterior cingulate gyrus 72 227
-4 -53 25 Posterior cingulate gyrus 78 243
-4 -24 28 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 88 280
14 -53 21 Posterior cingulate gyrus 92 293
-14 -51 23 Posterior cingulate gyrus 92 293
-6 -58 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, left 98 306
14 -50 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, right 98 306
14 -56 20 Posterior cingulate gyrus, right 98 307
3 -61 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, right 98 307
-14 -56 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, left 98 307
-4 -15 34 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 99 310
-10 -32 40 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 104 323
-12 -38 9 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 107 336
-2 -43 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 116 353
4 -50 10 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 116 355
6 -44 8 Posterior cingulate gyrus 130 403
3 -33 37 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
3 -44 42 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
3 -72 20 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
3 -56 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
6 -25 42 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 438
-6 -36 31 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 143 438
6 -72 15 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 143 439
0 -61 20 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 439
0 -47 28 Posterior cingulate gyrus 147 451
0 -37 20 Bilateral posterior cingulate gyrus 155 475
-15 -56 9 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 155 478
-4 -50 27 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 501
-1 -50 28 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 502
-8 -55 11 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 503
-4 -42 11 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 504
-5 -32 46 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 505
-4 -55 29 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 506
-2 -55 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 507
-1 -55 39 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 508
-11 -55 29 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 509
-4 -56 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 185 585

Summary

  x     y     z   Description
-6 -43 27 Mean coordinate in left hemisphere
8 -47 23 Mean coordinate in right hemisphere
6 -44 25 Mean coordinate with ignored left/right
0 -72 8 Minimum coordinate with ignored left/right
52 -15 46 Maximum coordinate with ignored left/right
8 13 11 Standard deviation with ignored left/right
corner cube of WOROI: 5 - Posterior cingulate gyrus

Text contexts

Specifically, recall of previously memorized words from temporal cues was associated with activity in the basal forebrain, right middle frontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, and posterior cingulate gyrus, whereas their recall from person cues was associated with activity in the left insula, right middle frontal gyrus, and posterior cingulate gyrusToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
In the 46 degrees C experiment, positive signal changes were found in the frontal gyri, anterior and posterior cingulate gyrus, thalamus, motor cortex, somatosensory cortex (SI and SII), supplementary motor area, insula, and cerebellumL. R. Becerra; H. C. Breiter; M. Stojanovic; S. Fishman; A. Edwards; A. R. Comite; R. G. Gonzalez; D. Borsook. Human brain activation under controlled thermal stimulation and habituation to noxious heat: an fMRI study. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 41(5):1044-57, 1999. PMID: 10332889. WOBIB: 72.
Cortically, rCBF increased in the left anterior and posterior cingulate gyrus, the left primary somatosensory cortex, the left premotor cortex and bilaterally in parietal areasM. Fredrikson; G. Wik; Håkan Fischer; J. Andersson. Affective and attentive neural networks in humans: a PET study of Pavlovian conditioning. NeuroReport 7(1):97-101, 1995. PMID: 8742426. WOBIB: 99.
The group showed significant positive correlations between symptom intensity and blood flow in the right inferior frontal gyrus, caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus and thalamus, and the left hippocampus and posterior cingulate gyrusPhilip K. McGuire; C. J. Bench; C. D. Frith; I. M. Marks; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; R. J. Dolan. Functional anatomy of obsessive-compulsive phenomena. British Journal of Psychiatry 164(4):459-468, 1994. PMID: 8038933. WOBIB: 104.
Empathic judgements also activated left anterior middle temporal and left inferior frontal gyri, while forgivability judgements activated posterior cingulate gyrusT. F. Farrow; Y. Zheng; I. D. Wilkinson; S. A. Spence; J. F. Deakin; N. Tarrier; P. D. Griffiths; P. W. Woodruff. Investigating the functional anatomy of empathy and forgiveness. NeuroReport 12(11):2433-2438, 2001. PMID: 11496124. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 147.
However, with ketamine, neural responses were demonstrated to neutral expressions in visual cortex, cerebellum and left posterior cingulate gyrusKathryn M. Abel; Matthew P. G. Allin; Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura; Anthony S. David; Chris Andrew; Steven C. R. Williams; Michael J. Brammer; Mary L. Phillips. Ketamine alters neural processing of facial emotion recognition in healthy men: an fMRI study. NeuroReport 14(3):387-391, 2003. PMID: 12634489. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000058031.29600.31. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 155.
Threat-related words compared to neutral words activated left posterior cingulate gyrus in eight of 10 subjects with activation most prominent in the retrosplenial regionRichard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore. Activation of left posterior cingulate gyrus by the auditory presentation of threat-related words: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 75(1):1-14, 1997. PMID: 9287369. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 165.

Text count

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