WOEXP: 151 - Deductive reasoning versus probabilistic
 
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Deductive reasoning versus probabilistic. Deductive reasoning based on reading three sentence on a screen, two premises and one conclusion, and determining the truth value. WOEXP: 151.

L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

Cognition,Mathematics - Deductive reasoning
WOEXT: 182.

Modality:PET/MRI
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Water
Scanner: GE Medical Systems, 4096
Number of subjects: 10

Asymmetry: 0.77048 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
51 -27 -9 Middle temporal      
18 -7 37 Anterior cingulate      
53 16 17 Inferior frontal      
4 10 4 Caudate      
17 -9 -15 Amygdala      
16 -15 9 Thalamus      
8 -27 1 Midbrain      
34 -69 21 Temporoparietal      
49 -45 -11 Fusiform      
18 -15 37 Anterior cingulate      
36 41 24 Middle frontal      
6 -92 16 Cuneus      
2 51 7 Medial frontal      
32 -64 -34 Cerebellum, superior semilunar, crus I      
32 -47 -19 Cerebellum, gracile, VIIB      
-4 -37 -18 Midbrain      
-10 -9 2 Thalamus      
-7 -82 -2 Lingual      
-15 4 5 Lateral globus pallidus      
-13 -17 1 Thalamus      
-32 -53 11 Sub-gyral      
-1 -41 40 Posterior cingulate      
-23 -66 -33 Cerebellum, gracile, VIIB      
-20 -54 -14 Cerebellum, posterior quadrangle, VI      

corner cube of volume 152 (Deductive reasoning versus probabilistic)

[ PNG | VRML (150Kb) ]

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Deductive reasoning versus probabilistic. Deductive reasoning based on reading three sentence on a screen, two premises and one conclusion, and determining the truth value. WOEXP: 151.
L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

+2: 0.59263 Sadness from recall. Sadness generated from recalling sad autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 547.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+3: 0.57316 Sadness from films and recall. Sadness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving grieving a friend who committed suicide by hanging and recalling sad autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 541.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+4: 0.54743 Disgust from recall. Disgust generated from recalling disgust autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 548.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+5: 0.53891 Sadness from films. Sadness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving grieving a friend who committed suicide by hanging versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 544.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+6: 0.51840 Pleasant emotion. Viewing of pleasant pictures, such as erotica, babies, sports events versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 294.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.

+7: 0.50778 Micturition. Micturition after the bladder had been filled to the normal desire to void. WOEXP: 50.
S. Nour; Claus Svarer; J. K. Kristensen; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Cerebral activation during micturition in normal men. Brain 123 ( Pt 4):781-9, 2000. PMID: 10734009. WOBIB: 17.

+8: 0.48709 Warmth on left arm. 43 degrees warm stimuli on six separate sites on the left volar forearm versus 36 degrees stimuli. WOEXP: 318.
K. L. Casey; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; R. A. Koeppe. Comparison of human cerebral activation pattern during cutaneous warmth, heat pain, and deep cold pain. Journal of Neurophysiology 76(1):571-81, 1996. PMID: 8836245. WOBIB: 102.

+9: 0.47199 Unpleasant words. Silent judgement of auditorily presented unpleasant arousing words versus matched neutral words. WOEXP: 132.
Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

+10: 0.46970 Positive interaction between predictable tones and button press. Positive interaction between predictable tones and self-paced button presses versus no button presses and random tones with button press. WOEXP: 260.
S. J. Blakemore; Geraint Rees; C. D. Frith. How do we predict the consequences of our actions? A functional imaging study. Neuropsychologia 36(6):521-9, 1998. PMID: 9705062. WOBIB: 82.

+11: 0.46954 Placebo during heat and warm stimulus on left arm. Placebo administration during 40 degrees Celsius warmth or 47-48 degrees hot pain on the volar forearm versus fentanyl with stimulus. WOEXP: 317.
L. J. Adler; F. E. Gyulai; D. J. Diehl; M. A. Mintun; P. M. Winter; L. L. Firestone. Regional brain activity changes associated with fentanyl analgesia elucidated by positron emission tomography. Anesthesia & Analgesia 84(1):120-126, 1997. PMID: 8989012. WOBIB: 101.

+12: 0.45421 Nitroglycerin-provoked cluster headache. Nitroglycerin-provoked acute headache in cluster headache patients versus pain-free state. WOEXP: 424.
Arne May; Anish Bahra; Christian Büchel; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Peter J. Goadsby. Hypothalamic activation in cluster headache attacks. Lancet 352(9124):275-278, 1998. PMID: 9690407. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 137.

+13: 0.43139 Happiness from films. Happiness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving a joyous romantic reconciliation versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 543.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+14: 0.42822 Sexual arousal - male. Sexual arousal by viewing erotic film excerpts. WOEXP: 9.
Sherif Karama; Andre R. Lecours; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Pierre Bourgouin; Gilles Beaudoin; Sven Joubert; Mario Beauregard. Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts. Human Brain Mapping 16(1):1-13, 2002. PMID: 11870922. WOBIB: 4.

+15: 0.42545 Permanent amnesia, absolute. Hypometabolism in patients with permanent amnesia from either anoxia or Wernicke-Korsakoff's syndrome versus normal control subjects. WOEXP: 369.
A. M. Aupee; B. Desgranges; F. Eustache; C. Lalevee; V. de la Sayette; F. Viader; J. C. Baron. Voxel-based mapping of brain hypometabolism in permanent amnesia with PET. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1164-73, 2001. PMID: 11352622. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0762. WOBIB: 119.

+16: 0.41354 Increased activity during REM sleep. REM sleep versus slow-wave sleep or wakefull-state. WOEXP: 300.
P. Maquet; J. Peters; J. Aerts; G. Delfiore; C. Degueldre; A. Luxen; G. Franck. Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. Nature 383(6596):163-6, 1996. PMID: 8774879. WOBIB: 96.

+17: 0.41064 Migraine headache. Glyceryl trinitrate induced migraine headache versus rest. WOEXP: 380.
A. Bahra; M. S. Matharu; Christian Büchel; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; P. J. Goadsby. Brainstem activation specific to migraine headache. Lancet 357(9261):1016-7, 2001. PMID: 11293599. WOBIB: 122.

+18: 0.40121 Cold pain on left arm. 6 degrees heat pain stimuli by immersion of the left hand in water to the wrist versus 20 degrees stimuli. WOEXP: 320.
K. L. Casey; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; R. A. Koeppe. Comparison of human cerebral activation pattern during cutaneous warmth, heat pain, and deep cold pain. Journal of Neurophysiology 76(1):571-81, 1996. PMID: 8836245. WOBIB: 102.

+19: 0.40081 Disgust from films and recall. Disgust generated from viewing silent color feature film with a scene depicting a rat cravling on a sleeping man and recalling disgust autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 542.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+20: 0.39962 Cursor movement with joystick. Movement of a cursor controlled with right hand through a joystick from the center of the screen to one of eight positions arranged radially and further to a new position at the same angle but further away from the center. WOEXP: 148.
J. M. Ellermann; J. D. Siegal; J. P. Strupp; T. J. Ebner; K. Ugurbil. Activation of visuomotor systems during visually guided movements: a functional MRI study. Journal of Magnetic Resonance 131(2):272-285, 1998. PMID: 9571103. WOBIB: 45.

+21: 0.39792 Unpleasant emotion. Viewing of unpleasant pictures, such as frightening animals, mutilated bodies, human violence versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 295.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.

+22: 0.39306 Probabilistic reasoning versus deductive. Probabilistic reasoning based on reading three sentence on a screen, two premises and one conclusion, and judging the truth value. WOEXP: 152.
L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

+23: 0.38551 Heat pain - female. 50 degrees heat pain on the left forearm of females versus 40 degrees stimulus. WOEXP: 368.
P. E. Paulson; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; K. L. Casey. Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of cerebral activation during noxious heat stimulation in humans. Pain 76(1-2):223-9, 1998. PMID: 9696477. WOBIB: 118.

+24: 0.38112 Skill acquisition. Skill acquisition based on fixed stimulus-response mappings in an abstract number sequence with visually presented digits and button pressing for response. WOEXP: 512.
Michael Rose; Hilde Haider; Cornelius Weiller; Christian Buchel. The Role of Medial Temporal Lobe Structures in Implicit Learning: An Event-Related fMRI Study. Neuron 36(6):1221-1231, 2002. PMID: 12495634. DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01105-4. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 167.

+25: 0.38014 Heat pain on left arm. 50 degrees heat pain stimuli on six separate sites on the left volar forearm versus 40 degrees stimuli. WOEXP: 319.
K. L. Casey; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; R. A. Koeppe. Comparison of human cerebral activation pattern during cutaneous warmth, heat pain, and deep cold pain. Journal of Neurophysiology 76(1):571-81, 1996. PMID: 8836245. WOBIB: 102.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.07701 Visual artefact object. Decision or categorization of visual artefact. WOEXP: 5.
Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. Categorization and category effects in normal object recognition: a PET study. Neuropsychologia 38(13):1693-703, 2000. PMID: 11099727. WOBIB: 2.

-2: -0.07378 Interaction between category (artefact versus natural) and task type (categorization versus naming). Object naming and categorization of visually presented artefacts and natural objects. WOEXP: 115.
Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. The role of action knowledge in the comprehension of artefacts--a PET study. NeuroImage 15(1):143-52, 2002. PMID: 11771982. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2002.0969. WOBIB: 34.

-3: -0.07282 Semantic versus syllable counting. Decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete with right hand response button press versus syllable counting. WOEXP: 554.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

-4: -0.07238 Categorization of artefacts. Categorization of visually presented artefacts versus categorization of natural objects, naming of artefacts and pattern discrimination. WOEXP: 114.
Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. The role of action knowledge in the comprehension of artefacts--a PET study. NeuroImage 15(1):143-52, 2002. PMID: 11771982. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2002.0969. WOBIB: 34.

-5: -0.06214 Finger movement imitation. Imitation of finger movement with the right hand from a sequence of pictures showing an animated left hand with random lifting of the index or middle finger versus the performance of the same movement based on cue from a sequence of images with symbolic indication of which finger to lift. WOEXP: 147.
M. Iacoboni; R. P. Woods; M. Brass; H. Bekkering; J. C. Mazziotta; G. Rizzolatti. Cortical mechanisms of human imitation. Science 286(5449):2526-8, 1999. PMID: 10617472. WOBIB: 44.

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