WOEXT: 153 - Unpleasantness
 
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WOEXT: 153. Unpleasantness.
A negative emotional state. Associated with an aversive motivational system.


ParentsSiblingsChildren
Emotion
Anxiety
Fear
Disgust
Emotional stress
Sadness
Unpleasant episodic memory retrieval
Negative affect
Tension-Anxiety
Unfairness in gaming

Experiments:

  1. Unpleasant words. Silent judgement of auditorily presented unpleasant arousing words versus matched neutral words. WOEXP: 132.
    Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.
  2. Unpleasant emotion. Viewing of unpleasant pictures, such as frightening animals, mutilated bodies, human violence versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 295.
    Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.
corner cube

VRML97 file (142 Kb)


Child experiments:

  1. 75% fearful faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% fearful grey-scale faces with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 220.
    Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.
  2. 150% fearful faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 150% computer-manipulated fearful grey-scale faces with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 221.
    Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.
  3. 75% disgusted faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% computer-manipulated grey-scale faces with an expression of disgust and with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 222.
    Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.
  4. 150% disgusted faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 150% computer-manipulated grey-scale faces with an expression of disgust and with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 223.
    Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.
  5. 150% disgusted faces versus 75% disgusted faces. Viewing of 150% computer-manipulated grey-scale faces with an expression of disgust and with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of 75% disgusted faces. WOEXP: 224.
    Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.
  6. Increase during public speaking for subjects with social phobia. Increases in the interaction between public speaking to an audience about past experiences and subjects with social phobia versus privat speaking about past experience and subjects with no social phobia. WOEXP: 241.
    M. Tillfors; T. Furmark; I. Marteinsdottir; Håkan Fischer; A. Pissiota; B. Langstrom; M. Fredrikson. Cerebral blood flow in subjects with social phobia during stressful speaking tasks: a PET study. American Journal of Psychiatry 158(8):1220-6, 2001. PMID: 11481154. WOBIB: 77.
  7. Decrease during public speaking for subjects with social phobia. Decrease in the interaction between public speaking to an audience about past experiences and subjects with social phobia versus privat speaking about past experience and subjects with no social phobia. WOEXP: 242.
    M. Tillfors; T. Furmark; I. Marteinsdottir; Håkan Fischer; A. Pissiota; B. Langstrom; M. Fredrikson. Cerebral blood flow in subjects with social phobia during stressful speaking tasks: a PET study. American Journal of Psychiatry 158(8):1220-6, 2001. PMID: 11481154. WOBIB: 77.
  8. Ambiguous threat. Faces displaying ambiguous threat by anger face with averted gaze and fear faces with direct gaze versus anger faces with direct gaze and fear faces with averted gaze. WOEXP: 277.
    Reginald B. J. Adams; Heather L. Gordon; Abigail A. Baird; Nalini Ambady; Robert E. Kleck. Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 300(5625):1536, 2003. PMID: 12791983. DOI: 10.1126/science.1082244. WOBIB: 86.
  9. Activation in sadness film viewing versus neutral film viewing. Passive viewing of 2.5 minute emotional film clips. WOEXP: 282.
    S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.
  10. Activation in sadness film viewing versus amusement film viewing. Passive viewing of 2.5 minute emotional film clips. WOEXP: 284.
    S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.
  11. Disgust. Viewing of faces displaying disgust versus viewing neutral expressions. WOEXP: 302.
    R. Sprengelmeyer; M. Rausch; U. T. Eysel; H. Przuntek. Neural structures associated with recognition of facial expressions of basic emotions. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 265(1409):1927-31, 1998. PMID: 9821359. WOBIB: 97.
  12. Fear. Viewing of faces displaying fear versus viewing neutral expressions. WOEXP: 303.
    R. Sprengelmeyer; M. Rausch; U. T. Eysel; H. Przuntek. Neural structures associated with recognition of facial expressions of basic emotions. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 265(1409):1927-31, 1998. PMID: 9821359. WOBIB: 97.
  13. Robbery re-experience. Viewing of video showing a previously experienced bank-robbery versus viewing a neutral video with people walking in a park. WOEXP: 321.
    Håkan Fischer; G. Wik; M. Fredrikson. Functional neuroanatomy of robbery re-experience: affective memories studied with PET. NeuroReport 7(13):2081-6, 1996. PMID: 8930963. WOBIB: 103.
  14. Emotional faces with s allele SLC6A4 individuals, cohort 1. Matching of the emotional state of a display face with other displayed faces in individuals with the short allele of the 5-HTTLPR region in the SLC6A4 gene versus emotional matching in individuals with long alleles. WOEXP: 347.
    Ahmad R. Hariri; Venkata S. Mattay; Alessandro Tessitore; Bhaskar Kolachana; Francesco Fera; David Goldman; Michael F. Egan; Daniel R. Weinberger. Serotonin transporter genetic variation and the response of the human amygdala. Science 297(5580):400-3, 2002. PMID: 12130784. DOI: 10.1126/science.1071829. WOBIB: 115.
  15. Emotional faces with s allele SLC6A4 individuals, cohort 2. Matching of the emotional state of a display face with other displayed faces in individuals with the short allele of the 5-HTTLPR region in the SLC6A4 gene versus emotional matching in individuals with long alleles. WOEXP: 348.
    Ahmad R. Hariri; Venkata S. Mattay; Alessandro Tessitore; Bhaskar Kolachana; Francesco Fera; David Goldman; Michael F. Egan; Daniel R. Weinberger. Serotonin transporter genetic variation and the response of the human amygdala. Science 297(5580):400-3, 2002. PMID: 12130784. DOI: 10.1126/science.1071829. WOBIB: 115.
  16. Negative affect, study 1. Correlation between resting state blood flow and Negative Affect as the self-rated factor for irritability, anxiety and anger measured by Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. WOEXP: 460.
    David H. Zald; Dorothy L. Mattson; Jose V. Pardo. Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4):2450-2454, 2002. PMID: 11842195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042457199. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 150.
  17. Negative affect, study 2. Correlation between resting state blood flow and Negative Affect as the self-rated factor for irritability, anxiety and anger measured by Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. WOEXP: 461.
    David H. Zald; Dorothy L. Mattson; Jose V. Pardo. Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4):2450-2454, 2002. PMID: 11842195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042457199. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 150.
  18. Tension-anxiety, study 1. Correlation between resting state blood flow and tension-anxiety during scanning session as measured with the Profile of Mood States. WOEXP: 462.
    David H. Zald; Dorothy L. Mattson; Jose V. Pardo. Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4):2450-2454, 2002. PMID: 11842195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042457199. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 150.
  19. Tension-anxiety, study 2. Correlation between resting state blood flow and tension-anxiety during scanning session as measured with the Profile of Mood States. WOEXP: 463.
    David H. Zald; Dorothy L. Mattson; Jose V. Pardo. Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4):2450-2454, 2002. PMID: 11842195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042457199. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 150.
  20. Fearful body expression. Viewing videos og fearful whole-body expressions versus viewing emotionally neural action. WOEXP: 471.
    Nouchine Hadjikhani; Beatrice de Gelder. Seeing fearful body expressions activates the fusiform cortex and amygdala. Current Biology 13(24):2201-2205, 2003. PMID: 14680638. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2003.11.049. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 153.
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